Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 22:17-27

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Luke 22:17-18

cup. Similar to his statement about eating a meal (v. 16), Jesus also said that he would not drink wine again until his return. kingdom. Jesus not only preached the kingdom (4:43) and brought the kingdom (10:9; 11:20), he is the embodiment of the kingdom (17:21). Thus, the fullness of the kingdom will come when Jesus himself comes again at the end of the age (21:27; 1 Cor. 15:22-28).

Luke 22:19-20

Jesus transformed and fulfilled the traditional Passover meal into something new, which is called The Lord's Supper (1 Cor. 11:20). Now he would be the focus of his people when they remembered their salvation (1 Cor. 11:26; Heb. 9:11-14). See WCF 29.3; WLC 169; BC 35; HC 75.

Luke 22:19

The bread and cup (v. 20) represent the body and blood of Jesus. for you. Jesus indicated that the giving of his body and blood in death was substitutionary. He would die for his people on the cross (Isa. 53:12; Col. 1:20). remembrance. The bread and the cup are a reminder of his saving death. They also remind God's people that the fullness of salvation in Jesus is yet to come (1 Cor. 11:26). See WLC 174.

Luke 22:20

new covenant. The old covenant between ancient Israel and God was fulfilled in Christ (Matt. 5:17-18; Rom. 10:4; 2 Cor. 1:20). Israel repeatedly failed to keep the old covenant, which is one reason why a new one was promised (2 Cor. 3:4–18; Heb. 7:19; 8:1-13). This covenant would be better without the insufficiencies of the Old Covenant (Heb. 8:10-11). blood. The new covenant was ratified with the shedding of blood just as the old covenant with Israel (Exod. 24:8; Heb. 9:11-28). There is no sacrifice in the meal. Jesus offered only once at the cross (Heb. 7:27; 9:12; 10:10). See WCF 7.4; 7.6; WLC 168.

Luke 22:21

Judas was already preparing to betray Jesus (vv. 3-6). Not everyone who claims to be a disciple is truly saved (Matt. 7:21-23).

Luke 22:22

Judas would betray Jesus to the Jewish leader (vv. 3-6; ). Then, they make false accusations about him to the Romans who executed him by crucifixion. Yet, God used these means to bring about his plan to bring salvation to his people (24:25-27; Acts 2:22-23; 4:24-28). Thus, the wicked actions of those involved will be judged (Mark 14:21; Acts 1:18-20). Son of Man. See note on 5:22-24. woe. See note on 6:20-26.

Luke 22:24-27

See WLC 132.

Luke 22:24

Each apostle insisted that his loyalty and faithfulness to Jesus prevented him from being the betrayer (v. 23). This led to arguments about who was the greatest disciple.

Luke 22:25

Jesus ended the apostles' argument by teaching them about true greatness. Gentiles. Non-Jews who were largely outside the people of God at that time. They were also ruling over the Jewish people. Jesus explained that the Gentiles' idea of greatness was rooted in displays of power. masters. Many kings ruled harshly to emphasize their authority. do good. Some Gentile kings demanded to be called Benefactors. They wanted to be known for doing good, even if they were tyrannical toward the people they ruled.

Luke 22:26-27

Christians must understand greatness differently than the Gentiles (v. 25). In Christ's kingdom true greatness doesn't come in recognition and privilege. It is found in humility, not power. That humility leads to service for others (v. 27). youngest. Culturally, the youngest would have been seen as the one with the least amount of greatness. serves. The one who sits down and is served is often considered greater than the one doing the serving. one who serves. Jesus modeled true greatness for his disciples. He was humble and served his followers (John 13:1-20; Phil. 2:3-8).

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