Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 13:2-17

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Luke 13:2

more sinful. A common view of that day was that one's circumstances revealed one's spiritual state. suffered. Jesus did not deny that sin often has consequences in this life (Hos. 8:7). His point is that suffering is a part of life because we live in a sin-stained world (Gen. 3:16-19; Rom. 8:20-21). All humanity is sinful and deserves God's wrath in this life and the life to come (Rom. 1:18-32).

Luke 13:3

No. Answer to the question asked in v. 2. The Galileans who died by Pilate's hands were not more sinful than others. repent. Turning from sin toward God in faith (see note on 3:3). Jesus took the physical death of these people and used it to point to the spiritual death awaiting sinful people before a holy God. When we see the devastating effects of life in a sinful world, we should hear it as a call to personal repentance. See WCF 15.3; WLC 153.

Luke 13:4

Another incident that was well-known at the time, but we are unaware of today (see note on v. 1). Siloam . . . tower. Perhaps a construction accident near the famous pool of Siloam in Jerusalem. Although, it could have also been part of the city wall that weakened and fell. fell. This is in contrast to the incident with the Galileans (v. 1). These eighteen people died by accident not the murderous intent of another.

Luke 13:5

See note on v. 3; WCF 15:3; WLC 153.

Luke 13:6

parable. See note on 8:4. fig tree . . .vineyard. Common Old Testament imagery for the nation of Israel. none. Though God planted and cared for his people, they did not produce fruit of righteousness (Isa. 5:2).

Luke 13:8-9

Not only is God going to withhold the judgment ancient Israel deserved, but he's going to continue to be gracious toward the nation. However, his patience will not last forever. Apart from repentance and faith, God's judgment will come (vv. 34-35; 19:41-44).

Jesus' Healing on the Sabbath - Luke 13:10-17

Jesus displayed his compassion for hurting people through healing. Through the healing, he showed his authority over spiritual powers and physical sickness. He also pointed out spiritual hypocrisy in Israel's religious leaders.

Luke 13:10

synagogues. See note on 4:5. Sabbath. See note on 6:1.

Luke 13:11

We do not know much about this woman. If she was a believer, then her spirit was guarded from the demon and she could not be possessed (see Col 1:13-14; 2 Cor. 6:16). However, he could still attack her physical body (see Job 1-2).

Luke 13:12

Jesus had compassion on the woman and took the initiative in healing her. freed. A word that usually relates to the release of prisoners or a debt obligation. Later Jesus would say that she had been bound by Satan (v. 16).

Luke 13:13

Luke often notes the immediacy of healing at Jesus's command (4:39; 5:25; 8:44, 47, 55; 18:43).

Luke 13:14

There is nothing in God's law for Israel that says one cannot heal on the Sabbath (see note on 6:1; Exod. 20:8-11). In fact, deeds of mercy and necessity were permitted on the Sabbath. However, certain people created traditions meant to keep pious Jews from breaking the law. These traditions became confused with God's law, leading people to forget God's character and the intent of his law (see Mark 7:8-9, 13). The Sabbath was made for humanity's good (Mark 2:27). Therefore, it was right to heal on that day (vv. 15-16).

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