Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 21:27-24:53

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Luke 21:27

Son of Man. Jesus drew on the imagery of Dan. 7 to describe his return (see note on 5:22-24). cloud . . . glory. Jesus emphasized his return would be marked by divine power and kingly authority (see Exod. 14:20; 34; Num. 10:34; Ps. 104:3; Isa 19:1). As the Daniel passage indicates, Jesus would return to vindicate his people (Dan. 7:18, 22, 27; see v. 28).

Luke 21:28

these things. Jesus' appearance with cosmic signs of his return (vv. 25-27). stand . . . lift up your heads. Physical stance that reflected hope. Rather than being fearful, Jesus' disciples in every age live confidently in his return. deliverance. When Jesus returns he will deliver his people from this fallen world (see Rom. 8:18-24). See WCF 33.3; HC 52.

Luke 21:29-31

The end will be evident by the signs seen by the disciples just as the oncoming of summer is evident by the evidence of the change in trees. parable. See note on 8:4. kingdom. See note on 4:43.

Luke 21:32

generation. This word has various interpretations. The most likely meaning would be the generation alive when Jesus spoke these words. The term can also be translated "race" or "age." Those that see the signs of the end will also see the end itself. Christ will come quickly (12:35-40).

Luke 21:33

Jesus' disciples can trust what he says because his word is permanent (see Isa. 40:8).

Luke 21:34

Jesus said that his return would be delayed. One of the temptations for his disciples would be to grow careless and indifferent while they waited for him. In every age, his people are tempted to grow comfortable in this world, rather than expectant for Jesus' return (see 8:14; 12:13-34; 17:26-30).

Luke 21:35-36

See WLC 88.

Luke 21:35

Jesus' return will not be revealed in secret or to a select few only. All will see him (Rev. 1:7).

Luke 21:36

In order to keep watch over themselves, believers should be alert and faithfully keep praying for strength from God (Rom. 12:12; Eph. 6:18; 1 Thess. 1:2; 2:13; 5:17; 1 Pet. 4:7). Son of Man. Jesus as the divine king over all things (see note on 5:22-24).

Luke 21:37-38

Luke revealed Jesus' heart in these final verses. Despite controversy and opposition by Israel's leaders, Jesus loved the people. He showed that love by continually teaching them God's word (19:47; 21:37; 22:53; see 4:4).

The Final Days of Jesus' Ministry in Jerusalem - Luke 22:1-24:53

The high point of Jesus' ministry was his sacrificial death on the cross (23:44-49), his triumphant resurrection (24:1-12), and ascension as Lord (24:50-53).

Jesus' Arrest, Trial, and Crucifixion - Luke 22:1–23:56

Luke helped his readers feel the tension of Jesus' approaching death. The long desired plans of the Jewish leaders to stop Jesus were being fulfilled. This tragically happened as one of Jesus' own disciples betrayed him. Yet, this was the fulfillment of God's plan as well.

Luke 22:1

Festival of Unleavened Bread. Annual Jewish festival that followed Passover, beginning on fifteenth day of the first month and lasted a week (see Exod. 12:16-19; Lev. 23:4-8; Acts 12:3). Passover. See note on 2:41-42. Since the Passover immediately followed the Festival of Unleavened Bread, both ceremonies were described as the Passover.

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