Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 20:47-21:38

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Luke 20:47

The scribes were spiritual hypocrites. Despite their reputation (v. 46), they lack true godliness. devour widow's houses. Widows were some of the most vulnerable people in ancient society. Unless cared for by other family members or friends, they had no regular means of support. Thus, God commands the care of the widowed (Isa. 1:17; Jas. 1:27). Yet, these men preyed on widows, robbing them of their wealth. long prayers. The length of their prayers did not flow from their desire for fellowship with God. It was a pretense of godliness rather than a sign of genuine piety. greater condemnation. Pride and taking advantage of the poor and needy are especially grievous sins in God's eyes (see 12:47; Prov. 6:16-19; Jer. 7:5-7).

Luke 21:1

treasury. This was the treasury of the Jewish temple, which was located in the Court of Women (see notes on 2:27; 19:45). Money was collected in thirteen brass, horn-shaped receptacles. These offerings were used to support the temple itself as well as the Levities who had no land as an inheritance (Deut. 10:8-9).

Luke 21:2

mites. The Romans called these coins leptas, from a words which means peeled or fine because of its thin size. One of these mites equated one-one hundredth of a denarius (that is, about a day's wage).

Luke 21:3-4

Jesus contrasted the rich men (v. 1) who were giving large sums and the poor woman (v. 2) who had very little to give. put in more. Despite the tiny amount she gave, it was counted as more than the gift of the wealthy because she gave everything she had. It is not the quantity, but the quality of the offering that concerns God (Matt. 6:1-4; Jam. 2:5). She offered her gift with superior faith (see Gen. 4:1-5; Heb. 11:4).

Jesus Prophesies About the Fall of Jerusalem and His Return - Luke 21:5-38

This passage can be hard because Jesus brings together two related but distinct events—the Jewish temple's destruction in A.D. 70 and the time of his return. He talks about both, because they would have been linked in the minds of his disciples and because one points to the other. Jesus began by saying the temple would be destroyed and the disciples asked when and by what sign (21:6-7). Jesus responded by warning against being led astray by false signs of the end (21:8-9). Then, Jesus explained what to expect before the end and how his disciples should live (21:10-19). In contrast, they should flee when they saw similar signs in Jerusalem (21:20-24). Next, Jesus taught about the true signs of his coming (21:25-28). Finally, Jesus assured his disciples that they would know when his return was close (21:29-33) and gave a final exhortation to persevere in watchfulness (21:34-36).

Luke 21:6

Having been expanded by Herod the Great, the temple was an impressive structure in the ancient world (see note on 1:5). stones. Herod expanded the outer walls with massive white marble slabs. offerings. Wealthy Jews would contribute gold, jewels, and or other resources to have elaborate decorations added to the temple.

Luke 21:6

stone. The huge marble slabs that surrounded the temple (see note on v. 5). torn down. Jesus predicted the destruction of the temple. Since it was such a physically impressive structure and also spiritually central to the life of Israel, this would have been unthinkable. The disciples could only imagine the temple's destruction as part of an end-time conflict as the Messiah fought against Israel's enemies.

Luke 21:7

Jesus' statement (v. 6) provoked this question by the disciples. sign. They wanted some kind of indicator to know when the temple would be destroyed. See WCF 33.3.

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