Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 19:9-27

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Luke 19:9

Luke passed over the dinner conversation between Zacchaeus and Jesus. But he records the results — repentance and faith. salvation. To be rescued from the power and penalty of sin. It is a summary word for all that God does for his people in Christ. Through his saving work, God brings them into his kingdom and gives them eternal life (see notes on 18:24-30; John 3:1-18; Rom. 3:21-26). Zacchaeus believed Jesus and was saved from his sins by grace through faith. son of Abraham. Not just a person of physical descent. Zacchaeus exercised faith in God's promises like Abraham (Rom. 4:1-3, 16). This brought salvation and made him a true, spiritual descendent (Gal. 3:7; see notes on 3:8; 13:16).

Luke 19:10

Zacchaeus's transformation was an example of why Jesus came into the world. Son of Man. See note on 5:22-24. save . . . lost. A metaphor for those who are rescued from their sins (15:24; Matt. 10:6; 15:24; see notes on 5:32; 19:9).

The One Who Saves is the One Who Will Judge - Luke 19:11-27

Jesus taught about his impending death, resurrection, and ascension to heaven. Though he would be gone from his disciples, he would be reigning as king and expected them to serve faithfully while he was gone. Jesus used the experience of Herod's son, Archelaus as the basis for his parable. After Herod died, Archelaus travelled to Rome to seek the right to rule over his father's kingdom. However, the people of that kingdom sent messengers to persuade Rome that Archelaus was a wicked man who was unfit to rule. This happened about thirty years before Jesus's began his ministry.

Luke 19:11

The following parable comes in response to those who saw Jesus' encounter with Zacchaeus. The parable was given to correct misunderstandings about God's kingdom. On the one hand, the kingdom was already present in Jesus (10:9; 11:20; 16:16; 17:20-21). Yet, there was also a fullness to the kingdom's presence that was yet to come (22:29-30; 24:44-49). kingdom of God. God's saving reign (see note on 4:43).

Luke 19:12

The kingdom here is not as much physical land, but the right to rule. The nobleman gains kingly authority to rule. Moreover, this parable corresponds to Jesus himself. He journeyed through his death and resurrection to God's right hand where he received authority to reign over all things (Eph. 1:29-23; Col. 1:13-14; Heb. 1:1-3.).

Luke 19:13

minas. A mina was a Greek coin worth about one hundred drachmas. This was about three months' worth of wages for that day. Each servant was given one mina. Conduct business. In the parable, the king entrusted the minas to his servants so they can be at work about his business until he comes. He is going away, even far away, and so his return will not be soon.

Luke 19:14

Many rejected the nobleman's authority over them even as Jesus was rejected by his own people (4:24; 23:18, 23).

Luke 19:15

The servants were held accountable for their stewardship of the mina entrusted to them (v. 13). The nobleman's return signified the return of Jesus (Acts 1:10-11; Heb. 9:28; see note on v. 12).

Luke 19:16-19

For those faithful to do business for the nobleman, there was a commendation and reward of more responsibility (12:32; 22:30).

Luke 19:20-21

The final servant was unfaithful and careless with the money entrusted to him by the nobleman. He defended his lazy inactivity by criticizing the nobleman. Yet, the nobleman's actions showed him to be gracious and generous (vv. 16-19).

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