Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 16:22-17:2

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Luke 16:22-23

Jesus continued to contrast Lazarus and the rich man. Though Lazarus died without worldly treasure, he was spiritually wealthy. The opposite was true of the rich man. Abraham's side. A place of paradise and blessing where the righteous enjoy fellowship in heaven. It is associated with Abraham, the father of the faith (13:28-29; Rom. 4:11-12). Hades. The abode of the dead, though in the New Testament, it is never used of believers. Instead, it is described as a place of torment and judgment for the wicked after death (Isa. 66:24).

Luke 16:23-24

See WCF 32.1; WLC 86.

Luke 16:24

The one who never showed mercy (vv. 19-21), now begged for mercy. But the rich man showed no regret or repentance for his behavior. He still believed Lazarus was beneath him and should be ordered like a servant.

Luke 16:25-26

See WCF 21.4; WLC 89.

Luke 16:25

Circumstances in this life are no indicator of one's experience in the life to come (see notes on v. 15; 6:20-26). Only in faith God brings salvation (Gal. 2:16; Eph. 2:8-9).

Luke 16:26-27

The rich man was worried that his family would make the same mistake as him and also end up in Hades (v. 23). send him. See note on v. 24.

Luke 16:26

The outcome of our lives is fixed after death.

Luke 16:26

The outcome of our lives is fixed after death.

Luke 16:29

Moses and the prophets. An expression which is short for the entire Old Testament (v. 16). listen. God has provided all that is necessary to know him and experience his salvation in his word (24:27; Isa. 66:1-2; 2 Pet. 1:3-4). See WCF 1.2; WLC 3.

Luke 16:30

The rich man believed a sign was necessary for his brothers to believe. But Abraham was right (v. 29). Faith comes through hearing and believing God's word (Rom. 10:17). repent. The rich man was not condemned for his wealth, but his lack of repentance (see notes on 3:3; 6:24).

Luke 16:31

persuaded . . . rises. Later, Jesus would raise another man named Lazarus from the dead (John 11:38-44). Though some believed in Jesus, others knew of the sign and plotted against him (John 11:45-48). Moreover, Jesus himself would die and rise again for the salvation of his people (9:22; John 2:18-22; 1 Cor. 15:1-4). Afterward, he appeared to many people (1 Cor. 15:5-8). Yet, some refused to believe in Jesus and bribed witnesses to deny what they saw (Matt. 28:11-15). Miracles do not produce faith. God's word produces faith (Rom. 10:17; 2 Cor. 4:1-6).

Luke 17:1

disciples. Jesus spoke to his disciples, though others may have been present. Previously, he had taught with the Pharisees in mind (16:14-31). sin. Jesus was realistic about the sinfulness of the world in which we live (Rom. 8:22). There will always be temptations to sin. But we must be careful not to be the source of temptation for others (1 John 2:10). woe. See note on 6:20-26.

Luke 17:2

Death would be better than suffering God's judgment for causing one of his people to sin (v. 1). millstone. A round stone that was used to grind up grain. They varied in size from something small (Jdg. 9:53) to others which were turned in circles by donkeys. little ones. Refers to God's people (Matt. 18:6), perhaps those new to the faith. The disciples need care and protection like a parent over children.

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