Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 15:31-17:10

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Luke 15:31

Son. An affectionate affirmation of the father's love. He overlooked the harsh accusation of the older son just as he overlooked the rebellion of the younger son (v. 12). all . . . is yours. The older son had forgotten the true nature of his relationship to his father. Rather than enjoying loving fellowship, he worked hard and believed he was owed a reward (v. 29). He didn't understand that he could have had a celebration with friends (v. 29) at any time.

Luke 15:32

proper. It is always right to celebrate the repentance of a sinner who repents and experiences God's salvation (vv. 7. 10). brother of yours. As Jesus finished the parable, he was speaking to Pharisees and scribes who refused to rejoice at the repentance of others (v. 2). They were like the older brother. Jesus was like the father of the parable, pleading with them to join him in the kingdom where sinners repent and there is great rejoicing. He challenged them to see their own sin and seek the mercy of God who is willing to forgive.

Jesus' Teaching on Money and Service - Luke 16:1-17:10

Contrary to popular ideas of the day, Jesus warned against wealth and pride. God's blessing and salvation was not automatic for his covenant people. Instead, those in God's kingdom must be wise stewards of all his gifts and humbly serve others.

Luke 16:1

disciples. Jesus focused on a different group for the following parable (vv. 1-13; 15:3). rich man. A picture often used in Jesus's parables (v. 19; 10:30; 12:16; 14:16; 19:12). manager. One of the rich man's slaves who would have had responsibilities for overseeing the master's finances as well as the other slaves. Unlike more modern forms, slavery in the ancient world was not based on ethnicity. Though masters could be cruel, slaves were not seen as less than human. They could be well-educated, hold many responsibilities, and more easily gain their freedom. wasting. Losses due to incompetence by the manager.

Luke 16:2

The manager was called upon to turn in his record books and give a final report before being fired.

Luke 16:4

The manager devised a scheme that would help him find support for himself after he has been fired. The master told the manager to turn in his accounts. But until that happens, he's still in control of the rich man's books. His motivation and actions (vv. 5-7) were selfish. He was working for himself, not his master.

Luke 16:5-7

See WLC 145.

Luke 16:6-7

The manager offered huge amounts of discounts on the debt owed his master. hundred baths. A bath was the usual Jewish measurement for oil of the day. It was the equivalent of 8.75 gallons (33.1 liters). The total value would have been around 1,000 denarii, or three years' worth of wages for the average worker. hundred cors. A cor was the same as ten ephahs or thirty seahs in ancient measurements. This is about 10-20 bushels (almost 400 liters) in modern terms. A hundred cor was worth about 2,500 to 3,000 denarii, or about eight to ten years salary for an average worker.

Luke 16:8

shrewdly. Acting with cleverness or cunning. The manager did not offer commendation of the dishonest and disrespectful action. He commended the clever way the manager wisely planned for his future. By giving the master's debtors huge discounts, he made them feel indebted to him. Soon, the manager would need a new job (v. 2) and these debtors would help. children of this world. A phrase for unbelievers which emphasized their focus on the present age. children of light. A name for God's people among certain believing communities in that day. more shrewd. Unbelievers know how to employ their money and their energy in order to secure their own interests. The manager saw what was coming and knew how to plan for it. If pagans can be wise in their pursuit of thing in this life only, how much more should God's people be wise in how they pursue eternity (v. 9)?

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