Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 12:31-49

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Luke 12:31

Pharisees. See note on 5:17. Herod. See note on 3:1. leave. Though many Pharisees were antagonistic toward Jesus (6:7; 7:30; 16:14), others followed him (John 19:38-40). Thus, this could have been a sincere warning. Or, it could have been ploy to get him to leave because of his strong teaching (vv. 22-30).

Luke 12:33

Putting treasure in the heavens means spending money, not hoarding it. The Bible is filled with instructions for giving away the money God has entrusted to you: Giving to the poor, giving to the church, giving to support gospel missions. God blesses us with abundance beyond what we need so we can alleviate the spiritual and physical misery of others. Work to provide for ourselves and our families, but also to have in order to give to others—this is the pattern both Luke and Paul outline (cf. Eph 4:28).

Luke 12:34

The way to get your heart set on the right things is to treasure the right things. When you treasure God above all else, then everything else will be held with a loose grip (5:11, 28). It's easy to be generous when God is your treasure.

Luke 12:35-48

Jesus shifted his emphasis from not worrying to be watchful and ready according to God's plans.

Luke 12:35-36

See WCF 31.5

Luke 12:35

clothing tucked. For activities like running or fighting, long robes would be pulled up and tucked in one's belt. This became a common picture of readiness (Exod. 12:11; 1 Kgs. 18:46; 1 Pet 1:13). lamps . . . burning. Another picture of readiness. Specifically, he spoke of the quick ability to move around in the dark (Exod. 27:20; Lev 24:2; Matt. 25:1-3).

Luke 12:36

looking. The servants are ready and watchful for the return of their master.

Luke 12:37

The master displayed great humility by serving his servants! Jesus used the picture to show his joy at the service of his disciples who were found faithful (v. 38). On the day of his return, he will bring the fullness of the kingdom's blessings (13:29; 22:30; Rev. 3:20; 19:9).

Luke 12:38

watch of the night. Either part of the Jewish three-watch or Roman four-watch division of the night. Regardless, this would have been a late part of the night. Diligence and watchfulness were required.

Luke 12:39-40

The day of Christ's return will not be immediately obvious. Therefore, his disciples must always be ready.

Luke 12:41-49

Jesus gave several illustrations of one truth — that when he returned he will judge the living and the dead (Acts 10:42; Rom. 14:9; 2 Tim. 4:1; 1 Pet. 4:5).

Luke 12:41

Jesus was already speaking to his followers (v. 22). Peter's question was about the role of apostles (us) and the disciples at large (everyone). The passage applies to all, but leaders must especially take notice of its teaching.

Luke 12:42

manager. A good analogy for leaders entrusted to shepherd God's people (v. 41; see John 21:17; 1 Pet. 5:2-3).

Luke 12:43-44

The faithful servant is rewarded with more responsibility (v. 48; 19:17; 1 Cor. 6:2-3).

Luke 12:45-46

Unlike the faithful servant (vv. 43-44), some may abuse the authority they were given. Yet, he will not escape the justice of the master who comes back suddenly and unexpectedly (see 1 Sam. 15:33; Ps. 50:22; Rev. 19:15). place . . . unfaithful. This is a picture of one who professes to know Christ, but is not really a believer (13:28; see Matt. 7:21-23; 1 John 2:19).

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