Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 12:20-34

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Luke 12:20

Foolish. The man was foolish because he planned without thinking about God (Ps. 14:1). required. Jesus taught that our life is not our own, but a loan from God our Creator.

Luke 12:21

The man who desired to be rich died poor. He missed out on knowing God, which matters most in this life and the life to come (see Matt. 6:19-21).

Luke 12:22-34

See HC 26.

Luke 12:22

disciples. The promises given by Jesus in these verses (vv. 22-34) are for those who have put their faith in him. Therefore. The negative example of the parable (vv. 16-21) is the basis for Jesus's teaching about trusting God, not possessions (vv. 13-21). do not worry. The basic theme for this section (vv. 22-34). Jesus used several examples of God's provision for lesser things to show he would surely care for his people.

Luke 12:23

The reason we need not worry (v. 22).

Luke 12:24

ravens. Unclean birds under the law of ancient Israel (Lev. 11:13-15; Deut. 14:11-14). If God cares for them (Ps 147:9; Job 38:41), he will surely care for his people.

Luke 12:25

cubit. Unit of measure equaling about 18 in (46 cm). It could also be symbolic for an hour of time.

Luke 12:27

lilies. An unknown kind of a flower. Perhaps, the purple anemone, which reflected a royal color. Solomon. Ancient Israel's king after David (1 Kgs. 2:10-12). His reign was renowned for its splendor (1 Kgs 10:4-5; 2 Chron. 9:5).

Luke 12:28

oven. When wood was unavailable in ancient Israel, grass was often used to burn in fires.

Luke 12:29

Jesus did not mean it was wrong to work and plan to provide for oneself (see 1 Thess. 4:11-12). Instead, he warned against acting like anxious pagans who continually fret over mundane things. God is a Father who provides for his people's needs.

Luke 12:29

Though some Jews will be shut out from the promised kingdom (v. 28), God will offer salvation to the Gentiles (Acts 11:15-18; see Isa. 59:19; Mal. 1:11; Matt. 28:19-20; Rev. 7:9-10).

Luke 12:30

important. Some Jews expected to be saved because they were part of God's covenant people, Israel (Rom. 9:3-5). However, they did not trust God and would not be saved (Rom. 9:30-33; 11:1-10). least. Gentiles, who were far from God, would be humble and beg God for mercy. Through faith in Christ, they would be saved (Rom. 9:24-29; 11:11-16, 25; 1 Pet. 2:9-10).

Luke 12:31-32

Seeking God's kingdom means looking for the saving reign of God in every area of our own life, but also in the lives of others (11:1-4, 20; 17:21). added. Not strived for, but given by God. If he gives the kingdom, he will surely also meet our everyday physical and spiritual needs (see Rom. 8:29-32).

Luke 12:31

Pharisees. See note on 5:17. Herod. See note on 3:1. leave. Though many Pharisees were antagonistic toward Jesus (6:7; 7:30; 16:14), others followed him (John 19:38-40). Thus, this could have been a sincere warning. Or, it could have been ploy to get him to leave because of his strong teaching (vv. 22-30).

Luke 12:33

Putting treasure in the heavens means spending money, not hoarding it. The Bible is filled with instructions for giving away the money God has entrusted to you: Giving to the poor, giving to the church, giving to support gospel missions. God blesses us with abundance beyond what we need so we can alleviate the spiritual and physical misery of others. Work to provide for ourselves and our families, but also to have in order to give to others—this is the pattern both Luke and Paul outline (cf. Eph 4:28).

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