Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 5:22-34

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Luke 5:22-24

Jesus challenged the offended leaders with a question of his own. It would be very easy to say someone is forgiven because others cannot disprove it. However, it's very difficult to say someone is healed. The truthfulness of the claim is immediately verifiable by those who see the sick person. Thus, Jesus proves he has authority to forgive by healing the paralyzed man. Son of Man. A favorite title of Jesus for himself. It had several uses in the Old Testament. It could refer to person (Ps. 8:4) or a prophet (Ezek. 2:1; 3:3; 4:1). However, the most relevant reference was Daniel's vision of a glorious being who reigned with authority (Dan. 7:13-14). In all likelihood, Jesus saw himself the Son of Man of Daniel's vision and used that title to reveal his authority (21:27, 36; 22:69).

Luke 5:27

tax collector. See note on 3:12. Levi. Also named Matthew (6:15; Matt. 9:9). One who would become an apostle and author of the Gospel that bears his name. Follow me. Phrase used by Jesus to call people to be his disciples (5:11; 9:23, 49, 57, 59, 61; 18:22, 28). This is essential Christianity, not a second level of maturity (see 5:32).

Luke 5:28

Levi had likely heard and seen Jesus's ministry because being called to follow him (vv. 15, 26). His committed response was similar to other disciples (v. 11) and indicative of basic discipleship (see 14:33; Matt. 19:27; Mark 10:28).

Luke 5:29

The large meal was given in honor of Jesus. Given who was in attendance, Levi probably intended them to hear his teaching as well. This is an example of Jesus identifying with society's outsiders (see 7:34; 15:2).

Luke 5:30

complaining. The word used by the Greek Old Testament to describe the Israel's wilderness grumbling (Exod. 15:24; 16:7-9, 12; 17:3; Num. 11:1; 14:2, 27, 29, 36; 16:11; 17:10). This was a regular complaint against Jesus (15:1-2; 19:7). eat and drink. In the culture of the day, one didn't invite enemies home for a meal. Table-fellowship was fellowship before God. This was about intimacy and friendship. Thus, Jesus's critics cannot fathom why he would be eating with tax collectors and sinners.

Luke 5:31-32

Jesus used a proverbial statement to respond to his critics. The religious leaders presumed they were righteous before God. Spiritually speaking, they were healthy, not in need of help. Only sinners who understand their spiritual sickness would be willing to accept help. This is why Jesus associated with the lowly who felt the depth of their sin (see 18:11-12; Ezek. 34:4).

Luke 5:33-39

disciples of John. Like Jesus, John had disciples. These men followed him and learned from him. John's disciples apparently made it a regular practice to fast. This was often seen as a sign of repentance and mourning (1 Sam. 7:6; Joel 1:14; Jon. 3:5). disciples of the Pharisees. Elsewhere we see that they fasted twice a week (18:12). However, this was done to impress others (18:14). Their hollow religion lacked a genuine heart for God (see Isa 58:4, 6; Matt. 6:16). your disciples. Pointing out that Jesus's disciples were never seen fasting was a criticism.

Luke 5:34

wedding. Since weddings were marked by joy, a religious act of mourning was inappropriate. bridegroom. An Old Testament picture of God in relationship to his people God (Isa. 54:5-6; 62:4-5; Jer. 2:2; Ezek. 16:8-14; Hos. 2:19-20). This imagery is applied to Jesus in the New Testament (2 Cor. 11:2-3; Eph. 5:24-27; Rev. 19:7-9; 21:2). His presence with this people was a time of joy, thus fasting wasn't appropriate.

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