Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 2:10-24

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Luke 2:10

good news. The verb form of the word for the message of gospel (see 9:6; 20:1; Matt. 4:23; 9:35; Acts 8:25, 40; 14:7; Rom. 1:1, 16). joy. Fear (v. 9) should always give way to joy when people see and embrace the saving work of God (in salvation (1:14; 15:7, 10; 10:17; 24:41, 52).

Luke 2:11

Today. The good news of Jesus's birth did not simply point to the future. With this birth, the news of salvation had dawned. savior. The first of three titles that Luke used to summarize the person and work of Christ. As Savior, he provides deliverance from danger or enemies (see Judg. 3:9, 15; 2 Kgs. 13:5; Neh. 9:27). Jesus brings salvation from sins and its consequences (see 1:77; 19:10; Rom. 5:8-9; Eph. 2:8-10). Christ. A title which means Anointed (Ps. 2:2; Acts 5:42; 17:3); from the Hebrew word Messiah. Jesus came in fulfillment of God's promises to send a Davidic King to save and reign over his people (see 2 Sam. 7:11-16; Isa 23:5). Lord. Title used of God himself in the Old Testament. It speaks to his sovereign reign. Applied to Jesus, the title emphasizes that he is God as well as king (20:41-44; Acts 2:33-36). See HC 18.

Luke 2:12

sign. Something to confirm the truthfulness of God's message. manger. The sight provided an enigma: How could so glorious and powerful a person be found lying in such humble circumstances? The unusual circumstances of Jesus's birth made it easy for the shepherds to find him, and thus confirm the angel's message.

Luke 2:13

heavenly army. A multitude of angels, numbering in the thousands.

Luke 2:14

Praise is given to God because of the salvation he brings in Jesus, his Son. peace. Unlike the political peace given by mere men like Caesar, Jesus will give peace with God (Ps. 29:11; Isa. 26:3; Jer. 16:5; Rom. 5:1). people . . . pleased. The objects of God's grace. Namely, his elect who respond to his coming with faith (see 1:50-53).

Luke 2:18-19

Luke contrasted the public response of the shepherds and town against Mary's private response. Though many immediately were amazed, Mary continued to consider the full meaning of what happened.

Luke 2:21-24

Obedience to the Law of Moses is mentioned several times in these verses. This emphasizes the piety of Joseph and Mary. It also shows Jesus's obedience to and fulfillment of the Law (Matt. 3:15; 5:17-18). Though Jesus was sinless, he was willingly born under the Law (Gal. 4:4-5). This allowed him to experience the fullness of human life and be a perfect substitute for humanity before God (Rom. 8:3; Heb. 2:17).

Luke 2:21

Joseph and Mary obeyed God and named their baby Jesus (1:31). They also obeyed by keeping his Law and having their son circumcised (see note on 1:59).

Luke 2:22

purification. After giving birth, a mother was ritually unclean for seven days. She had to remain at home for a further thirty-three days before going to the temple in Jerusalem to offer her sacrifice and be ritually cleansed (v. 24; Lev 12:2-8). their. Joseph was included although the Law only required the mother's purification. Apparently, he needed purification because he assisted in the birth process, or he was involved in Jesus's dedication alongside Mary. present. The Law did not require a child to be brought to the temple along with the offering (v. 24). Beyond the required redemption of their son, they also dedicated him to the Lord's service (see 1 Sam. 1:11, 22, 28). This was another example of their sincere love for God. It also anticipated the kind of life Jesus himself would live.

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