Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Matthew 27:19-50

<< Previous Note(s)Matthew Main PageNext Note(s) >>

Matthew 27:19

I have suffered much today because of a dream. As happened around Jesus' birth, so too at Jesus' death did God sent dreams to reveal the truth of who Jesus was. God revealed to Pilate's wife that Jesus was innocent.

Matthew 27:24

Washed his hands in front of the crowd. The public washing of hands was a symbolic act that communicated that Pilate disagreed and was not responsible for Jesus' death.

Matthew 27:26

He scourged Jesus. The Romans often punished criminals by tying them to a pillar and whipping them harshly with weighted leather straps.

Matthew 27:28-29

Scarlet robecrown of thornsstaff. The Roman soldiers used the parts of a king's wardrobe to mock Jesus for claiming to be a king.

Matthew 27:32

Carry his cross. A condemned prisoner was often forced to carry his own crucifixion pole as final punishment and shame. Jesus was apparently too wounded from his beatings to do so and so the Roman soldiers forced a man from the crowd to carry it on behalf of Jesus.

Matthew 27:33

Golgotha. Golgotha means "skull" in Aramaic. It was the name of hill just outside of the Jerusalem gates that resembled a skull. On this hill the Romans crucified prisoners in a public way as a warning to any who would rebel against them.

Matthew 27:34

Wine to drink mixed with gall. As a final act of mercy, crucified prisoners were sometimes given a drink that had a narcotic effect, usually a wine mixed with some sort of herb or poppy. When he had tasted it, Jesus refused the drink, as he told his disciples he would not drink wine until he did so again when he brings the kingdom from heaven to earth (Matt. 26:29).

Jesus' Crucifixion - Matthew 27:35-44

Matthew particularly highlights the mocking, insults, and false accusations that Jesus endured during his last night and his crucifixion. Ironically, Jesus' enemies unintentionally said many true things about Jesus in their mocking — that he is the Son of God, that he saved others, that is the King of Israel, and that he trusts in God.

Matthew 27:35-37

CrucifiedKing of the Jews. The Roman method of punishment for revolutionaries was crucifixion — the hanging of a person on a pole until they suffocated or bled to death. This form of punishment for Jesus corresponded to Jesus' claim to be a king, which was the charge placed above his head for all people to see.

Matthew 27:45

Sixth hour darknessninth hour. According to the Roman method of time keeping, the sixth hour was 12 noon and the ninth hour was 3 in the afternoon. During this brightest time of the day darkness fell over the land of the Jews, possibly caused by an eclipse.

Matthew 27:46

"Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani". Jesus spoke in Aramaic and was here quoting from Psalm 22:1. This lament shows the depth of the pain that Jesus took upon himself to bear the wrath of God as a ransom for his people (Matt. 20:28). See WCF 8.4; WLC 49; WSC 27; BC 21.

Matthew 27:50

gave up his spirit. This is a poetic way of saying that Jesus breathed out his last breath and died.

Related Resources

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

<< Previous Note(s)Matthew Main PageNext Note(s) >>