Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Mark 14:27-42

<< Previous Note(s)Mark Main PageNext Note(s) >>

Another Prophecy - Mark 14:27-31

Another Prophecy on the Mount of Olives. Back on the Mount of Olives Jesus made another prediction. This one was about the very near future.

Fall away - Mark 14:27

Jesus predicted that all the disciples would fall away. (See v. 50.) Judas was not the only disciple who would break the Shepherd's fellowship. Jesus explained their failure by quoting Zech. 13:7.

Disciples would follow - Mark 14:28

Jesus also knew that after his resurrection the disciples would follow him to Galilee and be renewed in their faith.

Jesus said the rooster would crow. - Mark 14:30

According to Mark, Jesus said the rooster would crow twice. The other gospel writers referred to the two part sequence as just one event of crowing (Matt. 26:34; Luke 22:34; John 13:38) If the early church traditions are correct that Peter was Mark's primary source for his gospel it is not surprising that Mark would have reported this event in the excruciating detail that Peter never forgot.

Gethsemane - Mark 14:32-42

In Gethsemane. Alone in the garden Jesus wrestled with sorrow and distress. His eyes were firmly fixed on his suffering and quickly approaching crucifixion.

Oil Press - Mark 14:32

The name Gethsemane means oil press. It was a place in the olive groves where the olive oil was made from the olives.

The cup of God's wrath - Mark 14:33-35

Mark piled one description on another to stress the depth of Jesus' emotional and spiritual struggle: distressed, deeply troubled, deeply grieved, point of death, and hour. The hour was the sovereignly fixed time of his crucifixion (See John 7:30; 13:1.) The cup was the cup of God's wrath (Isa.51:17-22; Ezek. 23:31-34; Mark 10:38). Jesus said his soul felt like it was already dying. The expression fell to the ground is stronger than simply saying that he knelt down. Jesus was being crushed under the weight of the prospect of bearing the sin of his people on the cross.

The inner core of his disciples - Mark 14:33

Jesus took Peter, James, and John–the inner core of his disciples–further into the garden with him.

Abba - Mark 14:36

In his intense struggle Jesus turned in prayer to his Abba. Abba was the Aramaic word for father. It was used in a wide range of contexts: from intimate settings by young children to formal settings by adults. In his darkest moments Jesus resorted to the language of the family. The cup draws on deep Old Testament roots where it refers to the judgment of God (Jer. 25:15-17; Jer. 23:31-34). Fortified by time with his Father, Jesus resolved to do the Father's will in spite of the immense personal cost.

Jesus singled out Peter by name. - Mark 14:37

All the disciples had fallen asleep, but Jesus singled out Peter by name. This was probably because Peter had so recently boasted so proudly of his unfailing commitment (14:28-31). Again this was probably a detail passed on to Mark by Peter.

Full humanity - Mark 14:38

In his full humanity Jesus understood that the spirits of his disciples might desire the things of God, but be too weak to resist temptation.

Godly prayer - Mark 14:39

Jesus prayed the same thing again. Godly prayer sometimes repeats itself.

Dramatic contrast - Mark 14:40

While Jesus intensely wrestled in prayer the disciples were sleeping. This dramatic contrast is the opposite of the contrast of Jesus sleeping and the disciples in terror in 4:38.

Related Resources

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

<< Previous Note(s)Mark Main PageNext Note(s) >>