Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on 1 Timothy 4:7-6:2

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Train yourself in godliness - 1 Timothy 4:7

stories loved by old women. See note 1:4. Instead, train yourself in godliness. Both here and in 4:8, Paul has the ascetic teachings on food and marriage in mind. While acknowledging that self-denial in physical training has some value, he has consistently aimed at the value of 'good works,' which also express self-sacrificial love in service to others. See note 2:10.

This message is trustworthy - 1 Timothy 4:9

This message is trustworthy. See notes 1:15 and 3:1.

The Living God, who is the savior of all people - 1 Timothy 4:10

the living God, who is the Savior of all people. In his fourth gospel summary of the letter (see 1:15-16; 2:5-6; 3:16), Paul combines two key elements of his doctrine of God: 1) There is only one, true and living God, the God of Israel; and 2) Israel's god not only saves Jews, but all people who put their faith in him (cf. Isa 43:10-11).

Let no one despise your youth - 1 Timothy 4:12

Let no one despise your youth. The negative command here may denote some timidity in Timothy (cf. 4:14; 2 Tim 1:7), but also the reality that some, even beyond the false teachers, may not have accepted his authority or mandate from Paul. Again, Paul urges both correction and a constructive example. Instead, set an example for those who believe. Moral authority is gained and sustained by a good example in words, deeds and relationships. Indeed, this short summary echoes the character qualifications of church officers (see note 3:1-7 and 3:8-13).

Healthy Relationships in God's Household - 1 Timothy 5:1-6:2

Paul Describes Healthy Relationships between Groups in God's Household. Having addressed Timothy's critical responsibility of correcting false teachers, Paul now addresses Timothy's constructive pastoral relations with identifiable groups in God's household. The apostle's summary instructions (5:1-2) indicate that his household imagery is substantial, not merely metaphorical. Timothy is to relate to church members as family members. Though this section does not take on the formal characteristics of 'household codes' (see Eph 5:21-6:9; Col 3:18-4:1; 1 Pet 2:13-3:7), Paul articulated particular patterns for Timothy to model in relation to widows (5:3-16), elders (5:17-25), and slaves (6:1-2).

Treat groups in Groups in God's household as family members. - 1 Timothy 5:1-2

Treat groups in God's household as family members. The purpose statement of the letter focuses reader attention on "how to behave in the household of God" (see note 3:15). Paul applied the metaphor earlier in the letter to qualifications for church leaders (see notes 3:4, 12). In this overarching summary, he characterizes pastoral relations with different groups in specific familial terms. Timothy is not to abuse his authority. Rather, he is to relate to 'older men' as 'fathers,' 'younger men' as 'brothers,' older women as 'mothers' and 'younger women' as 'sisters.

Criteria for relating to younger & older Widows well. - 1 Timothy 5:3-16

Paul instructed Timothy on how to care well for widowed women, who were particularly vulnerable to exploitation in Ephesian society. Indeed, 'some' had been influenced by the false teachers and were sinning against the community (cf. 1 Tim 5:13-15; 2 Tim 3:6-7). Paul distinguished between older and younger widows, and between widows who had family resources and those who were all alone (5:5)

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