Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on 1 Timothy 3:16-4:16

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The revealed truth of godliness is great - 1 Timothy 3:16

the revealed truth of godliness is great. Over against the Ephesian public profession that 'Artemis is great!' (cf. Acts 19:28), Paul wrote yet another summary of the gospel, and described not only its subject, but its wider impact (on godliness, see note 2:10) as 'great'! With a parallel grammatical structure, Paul either penned or incorporated an early Christian hymn. This brief introduction and the hymn itself underscore the scope of God's revelation. Again, Paul chose the Greek word mysterion (see note 3:9; cf. Eph 3:4-6), which is his shorthand to reference the inclusion of the nations in the covenant community. He was proclaimed among the nations, He was believed on in the world. The poetic parallelism is emphatic. The gospel is 'good news' for the nations, that is to say, for the entire world.

False Teaching and Asceticism - 1 Timothy 4:1-16

Paul Contrasts False Teaching & Asceticism with Healthy Teaching & Embodied Practices. The Spirit's speech is contrasted with 'the teachings of demons.' Prophecy is referenced twice (4:1, 14) and discerned in close relation to 'the word of God and prayer' (4:3-4, 13). On the other hand, demonic teachings are mediated through 'hypocritical liars' (4:2) and characterized as 'godless myths' and 'tales told by older women' (4:7). After correcting false teachings about abstinence from certain foods and from marital relations (4:3), Paul reminds Timothy that healing the damage caused by false teaching requires 'healthy teaching' based on 'the public reading of Scripture' (4:13), and godliness (4:7-8) that demonstrates that teaching in life

False Teaching and Doctrines- 1 Timothy 4:1-5

False Teachers Wrongly Regulate Food and Forbid Marriage. Returning to his opening concern in the letter (1:3-11), Paul now addresses some of the particulars of the false teachers' misreading of the law—their prohibition of marriage, and their dietary restrictions

The Spirit- 1 Timothy 4:1

The Spirit clearly says. Here, and in 4:14, Paul appeals to the Spirit's gift of prophecy, discerned in close relation to 'the word of God and prayer' (4:5, 13). In later times. In keeping with the overall teaching of the NT about eschatology or 'last things,' this phrase refers to the period of witness that stretches between Christ's two appearances on the earth. Some will abandon the faith and follow deceitful spirits. In 1:19-20, Paul reported that Hymenaeus (see note 1:20; cf. 2 Tim 2:17-18) and Alexander (cf. Acts 19:33-34; 2 Tim 4:14-15) shipwrecked their faith and were handed over to Satan. The imagery of a shipwreck in chapter 1 and the emphasis here on 'deceit' (4:1) and 'hypocrisy' (v2) indicate Satan's strategy to destroy faith through lies.

Forbid people to marry and order them to abstain from certain foods - 1 Timothy 4:3

They will forbid to marry and to receive foods. Perhaps, under the influence of a strong philosophical dualism, and cultural values about marriage propagated by the cult of Artemis, these false, would-be teachers of the law touted a form of asceticism that misappropriated the opening chapter of Genesis. It is possible, they were commending their version of resurrected life by returning to a pre-fall garden—a celibate, vegetarian life.

Everything created by God is good. - 1 Timothy 4:4

Everything created by God is good. Paul responds by sounding the refrain of Genesis chapter 1: 'And God saw that it was good' (Gen 1:4, 10, 25, 31). Having already affirmed the importance of marriage and childbearing (2:15; 3:2, 12)—an affirmation he will make again with regard to widows (5:9-10, 14)—Paul focuses his rebuttal from Scripture on their dietary restrictions. We know from Mark 4; Acts 10-11, 15; Rom 14-15; and 1 Cor 8-10 that this was a major practical and theological challenge for the early church. As non-Jews entered the covenant community would they corrupt it with their unclean foods and customs? What is the source of purity? Paul is consistent with the evangelists Mark and Luke in his answers: God purifies all people groups in the same way. Because humans are defiled by what comes out of their hearts and not what goes into their mouths, they must be purified in heart, from the inside out by the Holy Spirit.

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