What is Sikhism?


Sikhism is not a biblical religion. it was founded in the 15th Century in Punjab, India, on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and ten other successive Sikh Gurus. The word "Sikh" means "disciple," "learner," or "student."

The table below compares and contrasts a few of the teachings of Sikhism with Christianity.

Christianity Scripture Sikhism
There is one true and living God, who exists as three persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Deut. 6:4; John 1:1-3; 15:26 Gurus maybe praised as they are equivalent to God. Names of God: Waheguru, Ik Onkaar, Sat Nam, Akhal Purakh.
Christ secured the salvation of his people at Calvary. John 3:16, 5:24; 1 Cor. 15:3-4 Salvation through, the worship of God, good deeds, and fighting the five evils: greed, ego, attachment, anger, and lust. Meditation and prayer, also assist God in saving one.
Jesus is God. John 1:1-3; 20:28; 1 Tim 2:5 Jesus is looked upon as a saint. but not God.
Bible is the inerrant, infallible, inspired Word of God. 2 Tim. 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:20-21 Adi Granth, Dasam Granth, and Sarbloh Granth.
Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God. WSC 14. Rom 3:23; Jas 4:17; People are basically good. Sinning is following the veil of illusion "Maya." Karma is unavoidably paid if one sins.
Goal: To glorify God, and to enjoy him forever. WSC 1. Psa. 86; Isa 60:21; Rom 11:26 To merge with and have the greatest relationship with God possible.
God is the sovereign judge and sends some to Hell and others to Heaven. Matt. 25:46; Rev. 20:10 Constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is obtained.

Those in Sikhism need Christ. See "Is Jesus the ONLY WAY to Heaven?" below.


[1] Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume 1: 1469-1839, (Oxford, 2004).
[2] Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs: Volume 2: 1839-2004, (Oxford, 2005).
[3] Max Arthur MacAuliffe, The Sikh Religion, (Forgotten Books, 2008).

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Answer by Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr.

Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr., D.D., M.Div. is the Theological Editor at Third Millennium Ministries (Thirdmill).