Q&A: I understood that Solomon wrote Proverbs? Proverbs 30

I understood that Solomon wrote Proverbs? Proverbs 30

Question

I understood that Solomon wrote Proverbs? (Proverbs 30)

Answer

Solomon wrote several of the proverbs (Prov. 1:1; 10:1; 25:1). However, there were other authors as well: Hezekiah (Prov. 25:1), Agur (Prov. 30:1), and Lemuel (Prov. 31:1).

Proverbs is a collection of wise sayings from a number of authors. Solomon's name appears in Proverbs 1:1; 10:1; 25:1. Proverbs 30 is attributed to Agur, and Proverbs 31 to Lemuel. That Solomon was a key figure in the wisdom movement and wrote many proverbs is clear from 1 Kings 4:29-34. Solomon's general influence upon the Book of Proverbs is considerable, and his direct authorship of much of the material need not be doubted. The statement in Proverbs 1:1 (The proverbs of Solomon) need not be taken, however, to assert more than the leading role of the king in the compilation. The Solomonic title may refer as much to the stamp of Solomon's character on the wisdom literature as to its direct authorship. While it is obvious that he did not write the whole book as we have it, Proverbs 1:1-7 indicates that this is no haphazard collection, but a purposeful construction with certain aims.

Whitlock, L. G., Sproul, R. C., Waltke, B. K., & Silva, M. 1995. Reformation Study Bible. Nashville: T. Nelson.

Answer by Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr.

Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr., D.D., M.Div. is the Theological Editor at Third Millennium Ministries (Thirdmill).