Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Luke 10:1-15

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Luke 10:1

seventy. Or, possibly, seventy-two, depending on manuscript evidence. These were disciples sent out by Jesus in addition to the twelve apostles (v. 3). This could be a reference to the table of nations (Gen. 10). Some see this in reference to the elders appointed by Moses (Num. 11:16-30). They numbered seventy (or seventy-two, if Eldad and Medad are counted, Num. 11:26). The Lord allowed them to share in the Spirit given to Moses. Likewise, the group of disciples here is given power by the Lord Jesus for their ministry of preaching (v. 9).

Luke 10:2

harvest. Not the end-time harvest (Luke 10:12-15; Matt 13:24-30, 36-43; Rev 14:15-16). A picture of those who believe through the preached gospel (see John 4:35). ask. The task of harvesting souls is so great that there are not enough laborers. Jesus said that his disciples should pray that those who receive the message should also help share it (see 1 Pet. 2:9).

Luke 10:3

send. The fundamental ministry of the apostles is one of mission. All disciples share in this same basic mission. lambs. Jesus's disciples are peaceable but they're enemies are not. The gospel mission is dangerous.

Luke 10:4

Similar to the instructions given to the apostles (9:3). The emphasis was on trusting God. nosandals. The disciples would have been wearing sandals. This probably means take no extra pair. greet no one. Jesus did not forbid courtesy. He emphasized that this mission required urgency above extended formal greetings and informal socializing.

Luke 10:7-8

Jesus' disciples relied on God to provide for their needs through the hospitality of his people. When shown hospitality, they were to receive it gratefully. They should not move around seeking better food or more support. worthy of his wages. Quoted as Scripture in 1 Tim. 5:18. Those who labor for the gospel should be supported by God's peoples (1 Cor. 9:14; Gal. 6:6).

Luke 10:9

heal. A sign of the kingdom's presence (Luke 11:14-23). kingdom of God. The central message of Jesus and his disciples (see notes on 4:43; 9:2).

Luke 10:11

If the disciples were rejected (v. 10), they were to make a public condemnation of the town (9:51-56; Mark 6:1-6). Removing the dust signified separation from the defilement of the town (9:5; Acts 13:51; 18:6). kingdom . . . near. The arrival of God's kingdom is not dependent on the people's response. It came in Jesus and people will be judged for rejecting it (vv. 12-15).

Luke 10:12

Sodom. Infamous city for its experience of God's judgment (Gen. 19:24-28). It became a biblical symbol of God's judgment (Deut. 29:23; 32:32; Isa. 1:9-10; 13:19; Jer. 49:18; Amos 4:11). more tolerable. Those who knowingly reject God's kingdom will bear a greater judgment (Matt. 10:15).

Luke 10:13-14

Chorazin . . . Bethsaida. Cities near Capernaum (v. 15) in Galilee where Jesus and his disciples preached. Woe. See note on 6:20-26. Tyre and Sidon. Well-known Phoenician cities condemned by the Old Testament prophets for their idolatry (see Jer. 25:17-26; Joel 3:4). Even wicked Gentiles would experience less judgment than Jewish cities that had heard Jesus' message and rejected it.

Luke 10:15

Capernaum. A city where Jesus often ministered (4:23; 7:1-10). It would suffer the same fate as Chorazin and Bethsaida (v. 13) if it did not respond to Jesus' message. Hades. Also known as she'ol, it is the final residing place for the wicked dead (16:22-26).

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