Thirdmill Study Bible

Notes on Matthew 8:17-9:8

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Fulfilled that which was spoken - Matthew 8:17

Fulfilled that which had been spoken. Another example of the repeated theme in Matthew that shows that Jesus is the fulfillment of all of God's work in the world (see note at Matt. 1:22). Isaiah prophesied that the Suffering Servant would come to heal people's diseases, which is also a symbol for the forgiveness of sins (Isa. 53:4-6).

Teacher - Matthew 8:19

Teacherfollow. People correctly perceived that Jesus was a teacher or rabbi. This did not just mean that he taught truth but in the ancient world teachers were required to model what they taught and they called disciples to follow them and learn from them personally.

Son of Man – Matthew 8:20

Son of Man. This expression can mean simply "a human" but it also has a deeper meaning from Dan. 7:13-14 where a mysterious "Son of Man" comes to rule over all the world along with God. Jesus' regularly referred to himself with this title, and he explicitly connected himself with this Danielic Son of Man (Matt. 9:6; 16:13; 20:28; 24:27, 30; 26:64).

Little faith - Matthew 8:26

You of little faith. This expression appears several times in Matthew to refer to the disciples (Matt. 6:30; 8:26; 14:31; 16:8). In the Gospels the disciples are shown to have faith in Jesus but who struggle to understand and follow, not like Jesus' enemies who are shown to be faithless.

What sort of man? – Matthew 8:27

What sort of man is this? The Gospel of Matthew, at the highest, level focuses on this question, showing Jesus to be the incarnation of God himself, the Messiah, the Son of God. In chapters 5–9 Matthew is highlighting Jesus' authority — in teaching (Matt. 7:29), in healing people (Matt. 8:13), over demons Matt. (8:32), to forgive sins (Matt. 9:6), and even over creation itself (Matt. 8:27) by still the sea, something only God can do (Ps, 29:3-4; 65:5-7; 89:9; 107:23-30).

Demon - Matthew 8:28

Demons. Demons are spiritual beings who oppose God and have some power to do evil in the world, also called evil spirits (Matt. 10:1). The prince of demons is Satan (Matt. 9:34; 12:24-28), who opposed Jesus from the beginning and was unsuccessful in tempting him (Matt. 4:1-11). Jesus has all authority over any demons and can control and command them.

Son of God – Matthew 8:29

Son of God. The demons recognize the truth about Jesus even when people do not (Matt. 3:17; 4:1-11).

Herd of pigs - Matthew 8:31

Herd of pigs. Jesus was ministering in the region of Gadarenes, which was mostly Gentile. The Jewish people considered pigs as unclean. When these Gentiles saw the power of this Jewish miracle worker they were afraid and asked him to leave their region (Matt. 8:34).

His own city – Matthew 9:1

His own city. Though Jesus was born in Bethlehem and grew up in Nazareth, at the beginning of his public ministry he resettled in Capernaum alongside the Sea of Galilee (Matt. 4:13), in fulfillment of the promise of God's light coming to Gentiles (Matt. 4:14-16).

This man is blaspheming - Matthew 9:3

"This man is blaspheming." To blaspheme means to speak irreverently or defiantly against God. Blasphemy was a serious crime in the OT, resulting in death (Lev. 24:10-16). The scribes accused Jesus of blasphemy because he pronounced God's forgiveness of sins even though he was not a priest nor had the paralyzed man offered the necessary sacrifices to be pronounced as forgiven. This is blasphemy according to the Law. They will also accuse Jesus as blasphemy at the end of his life when he claims to be the Son of Man in the presence of God (Matt. 26:64-66).

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