When comparing Job 1:1 and Romans 3:23, is everyone a sinner or not?


Job 1:1: There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job, and that man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil.

Romans 3:23: For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.

Job was blameless and upright, however he was not sinless. Job was a God-fearing man, but this does not mean he was without sin (cf. 1 John 1:8-10). Although Job loved God, his awareness of his own sins and those of his family is illustrated by his own sacrifice of animals continuously (Job 1:5). Job even calls himself unworthy (Job 40:4; cf. Isa. 6:1-7). What’s more, an absolutely righteous and just man would not need a mediator, but throughout the book of Job, Job calls out for mediator between him and God (cf. Job 5:1; 9:33; 19:25; 33:23).

Paul wrote, "For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus" (1 Tim. 2:5). And what did this mediator, Christ Jesus, do? He suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring his people to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit (cf. 1 Pet. 3:18).

Job suffered greatly and at the end of the book, in Job 38-40, God responds and corrects Job. It was through suffering that Job's faith was perfected (Jas. 1:2-4).

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Answer by Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr.

Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr., D.D., M.Div. is the Theological Editor at Third Millennium Ministries (Thirdmill).