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IIIM STUDY BIBLE

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Introduction to 1 & 2 Kings

Structural Outline

  1. I. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1-11:43)
    1. A. Solomon's Succession to the Throne (1 Kings 1:1-2:12)
      1. 1. Solomon Becomes King Against Opposition (1 Kings 1:1-53)
      2. 2. David's Charge to Solomon (1 Kings 2:1-9)
      3. 3. David's Death and Burial (1 Kings 2:10-12)
    2. B. Solomon's Blessing of Consolidation (1 Kings 2:13-46)
      1. 1. Adonijah (1 Kings 2:13-25)
      2. 2. Abiathar (1 Kings 2:26-27)
      3. 3. Joab (1 Kings 2:28-35)
      4. 4. Shimei (1 Kings 2:36-46)
    3. C. Solomon's Establishment of Worship (1 Kings 3:1-9:25)
      1. 1. Sacrificing Before Temple Construction (1 Kings 3:1-3)
      2. 2 Solomon's Astounding Wisdom (1 Kings 3:4-4:34)
        1. a. Solomon's Gift of Wisdom (1 Kings 3:4-15)
        2. b. Solomon's Judicial Wisdom (1 Kings 3:16-28)
        3. c. Solomon's Domestic Political Wisdom (1 Kings 4:1-28)
        4. d. Solomon's International Wisdom (1 Kings 4:29-34)
      3. 3. Solomon's Temple and Palace (1 Kings 5:1-9:23)
        1. a. Those Serving Solomon in Preparations (1 Kings 5:1-18)
          1. (1) Hiram (1 Kings 5:1-12)
          2. (2) Conscripted Laborers (1 Kings 5:13-18)
        2. b. Construction of the Temple and Palace (1 Kings 6:1-7:51)
          1. (1) The Temple Construction (1 Kings 6:1-38)
          2. (2) The Palace Construction (1 Kings 7:1-12)
          3. (3) Furnishings for the Temple (1 Kings 7:13-51)
        3. c. Dedication of the Temple (1 Kings 8:1-9:9)
          1. (1) Solomon's Worship (1 Kings 8:1-66)
            1. (a) Solomon's Opening Ceremonies and Speech (1 Kings 8:1-21)
            2. (b) Solomon's Prayer (1 Kings 8:22-53)
            3. (c) Solomon's Closing Ceremonies and Speech (1 Kings 8:54-66)
          2. (2) God's Response (1 Kings 9:1-9)
        4. d. Those Who Served Solomon After Construction (1 Kings 9:10-23)
          1. (1) Hiram (1 Kings 9:10-14)
          2. (2) Conscripted Laborers (1 Kings 9:15-23)
      4. 4. Sacrificing After Temple Construction (1 Kings 9:24-25)
    4. D. Solomon's Desecration of Worship (1 Kings 9:26-11:13)
      1. 1. Solomon's International Involvements (1 Kings 9:26-10:29)
        1. a. The Queen of Sheba (1 Kings 9:26-10:13)
        2. b. Solomon's Wealth From International Relations (1 Kings 10:14-29)
      2. 2. Solomon's Idolatry in the Temple (1 Kings 11:1-13)
        1. a. Solomon's Foreign Wives and Idolatry (1 Kings 11:1-8)
        2. b. God's Response of Judgment (1 Kings 11:9-13)
    5. E. Solomon's Curse of Rebellions (1 Kings 11:14-40)
      1. 1. Hadad's Rebellion (1 Kings 11:14-22)
      2. 2. Rezon's Rebellion (1 Kings 11:23-25)
      3. 3. Jeroboam's Rebellion (1 Kings 11:26-40)
    6. F. Solomon's Death and Burial (1 Kings 11:41-43)
  2. II. The Divided Monarchy (1 Kings 12:1-2 Kings 17:41)
    1. A. The Secession of the Northern Tribes (1 Kings 12:1-24)
    2. B. In Israel (930-909 B.C.): Jeroboam I of Israel (1 Kings 12:25-14:20)
      1. 1. Jeroboam's False Worship Centers (1 Kings 12:25-33)
      2. 2. A Confirmed Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 13:1-34)
      3. 3. A Second Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 14:1-18)
      4. 4. Closing of Reign (14:19-20)
    3. C. In Judah (930-869 B.C.) (1 Kings 14:21-15:24)
      1. 1. Rehoboam of Judah (930-913 B.C.) (1 Kings 14:21-31)
        1. a. Opening of the Reign (1 Kings 14:21)
        2. b. Corruption of Worship (1 Kings 14:22-24)
        3. c. Judgment of Shishak Invasion (1 Kings 14:25-28)
        4. d. Closure of the Reign (1 Kings 14:29-31)
      2. 2. Abijah of Judah (913-910 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:1-8)
      3. 3. Asa of Judah (910-869 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:9-24)
    4. D. In Israel (909-853 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:25-22:40)
      1. 1. Nadab of Israel (909-908 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:25-32)
      2. 2. Baasha of Israel (908-886 B.C.) (1 Kings 15:33-16:7)
      3. 3. Elah of Israel (886-885 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:8-14)
      4. 4. Zimri of Israel (885 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:15-20)
      5. 5. Omri of Israel (885-874 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:21-28)
      6. 6. Ahab of Israel (874-853 B.C.) (1 Kings 16:29-22:40)
        1. a. Opening of the Reign (1 Kings 16:29-30)
        2. b. A Summary of Ahab's Sins (1 Kings 16:31-34)
        3. c. Ahab and Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 17:1-22:38)
          1. (1) Elijah's Early Ministry (1 Kings 17:1-24)
          2. (2) Elijah's Confrontation With the Prophets of Baal (1 Kings 18:1-46)
          3. (3) Elijah's Encounter With the Lord at Horeb (1 Kings 19:1-21)
          4. (4) Ahab's War With Aram and Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 20:1-43)
          5. (5) Naboth's Vineyard and Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 21:1-29)
          6. (6) Ahab's War With Aram and Micaiah's Prophetic Condemnation (1 Kings 22:1-38)
        4. d. Closure of the Reign (1 Kings 22:39-40)
    5. E. In Judah (869-848 B.C.): Jehoshaphat of Judah (1 Kings 22:41-50)
    6. F. In Israel (853-841 B.C.) 1 Kings (22:51-2 Kings 8:15)
      1. 1. Ahaziah (853-852 B.C.) (1 Kings 22:51-2 Kings 1:18)
        1. a. Opening of the Reign (1 Kings 22:51-53)
        2. b. Ahaziah's Prophetic Condemnation (2 Kings 1:1-17)
          1. (1) Ahaziah Seeks the Baal (2 Kings 1:1-2)
          2. (2) Elijah Intervenes (2 Kings 1:3-8)
          3. (3) Elijah Sends Fire From Heaven (2 Kings 1:9-17)
        3. c. Closure of the Reign (2 Kings 1:17-18)
      2. 2. The Transfer of Prophetic Ministry to Elisha (2 Kings 2:1-25)
        1. a. Elijah Succeeded by Elisha (2 Kings 2:1-18)
        2. b. Elisha's First Miracles (2 Kings 2:19-25)
      3. 3. Joram (852-841 B.C.) (2 Kings 3:1-8:15)
        1. a. Opening of Reign (2 Kings 3:1-3)
        2. b. Elisha's Service in Moabite War (2 Kings 3:4-27)
        3. c. Elisha's Ministry to the Needy (2 Kings 4:1-44)
        4. d. Elisha Cures Naaman of Syria (2 Kings 5:1-27)
        5. e. Elisha, the Prophets and the Syrian King (2 Kings 6:1-23)
        6. f. Elisha and the Syrian Siege of Samaria (2 Kings 6:24-7:20)
        7. g. Elisha and the Shunammite Woman (2 Kings 8:1-6)
        8. h. Elisha and Hazael of Syria (2 Kings 8:7-15)
    7. G. In Judah (848-841 B.C.) (2 Kings 8:16-29)
      1. 1. Jehoram of Judah (848-841 B.C.) (2 Kings 8:16-24)
      2. 2. Ahaziah of Judah (841 B.C.) (2 Kings 8:25-29)
    8. H. In Israel (841-814 B.C.) (2 Kings 9:1-10:36)
      1. 1. Jehu of Israel (2 Kings 9:1-10:36)
        1. a. Elisha had Jehu Anointed (2 Kings 9:1-13)
        2. b. Jehu's Bloody Coup (2 Kings 9:14-37)
        3. c. Jehu Massacres Ahab's Family (2 Kings 10:1-17)
        4. d. Jehu's Campaign Against Baal Worship (2 Kings 10:18-33)
        5. e. Closure of Reign (2 Kings 10:34-36)
    9. I. In Judah (841-796 B.C.) (2 Kings 11:1-12:21)
      1. 1. The Coup Against Athaliah of Judah (841-835 B.C.) (2 Kings 11:1-21)
      2. 2. Joash of Judah (835-796 B.C.) (2 Kings 12:1-21)
    10. J. In Israel (814-782 B.C.) (2 Kings 13:1-25)
      1. 1. Jehoahaz of Israel (814-798 B.C.) (2 Kings 13:1-9)
      2. 2. Jehoash of Israel (798-782 B.C.) (2 Kings 13:10-25)
    11. K. In Judah (796-767 B.C.): Amaziah of Judah (2 Kings 14:1-22)
    12. L. In Israel (793-753 B.C.): Jeroboam II of Israel (2 Kings 14:23-29)
    13. M. In Judah (792-740 B.C.) Azariah of Judah (2 Kings 15:1-7)
    14. N. In Israel (753-732 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:8-31)
      1. 1. Zechariah of Israel (753 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:8-12)
      2. 2. Shallum of Israel (752 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:13-16)
      3. 3. Menachem of Israel (752-742 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:17-22)
      4. 4. Pekahiah of Israel (742-740 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:23-26)
      5. 5. Pekah of Israel (740-732 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:27-31)
    15. O. In Judah (750-715 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:32-16:20)
      1. 1. Jotham of Judah (750-735 B.C.) (2 Kings 15:32-38)
      2. 2. Ahaz of Judah (735-715 B.C.) (2 Kings 16:1-20)
    16. P. In Israel (732-722 B.C.): Hoshea of Israel (2 Kings 17:1-6)
    17. Q. The Exile of Israel (2 Kings 17:7-41)
      1. 1. Reflection on the Exile of Israel (2 Kings 17:7-23)
      2. 2. Resettlement by Assyrian Deportees (2 Kings 17:24-41)
  3. III. Judah Alone (715-586 B.C.) (2 Kings 18:1-25:30)
    1. A. Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.) (2 Kings 18:1-20:21)
      1. 1. Opening of the Reign (2 Kings 18:1-4)
      2. 2. Summary of Hezekiah's Reign (2 Kings 18:5-8)
      3. 3. Assyrian Invasions (2 Kings 18:9-20:19)
        1. a. The Fall of Samaria (2 Kings 18:9-12)
        2. b. Sennacherib's Invasion of Judah (2 Kings 18:13-20:19)
          1. (1) The Invasion of Judah (2 Kings 18:13-16)
          2. (2) The Attack on Jerusalem (2 Kings 18:17-37)
          3. (3) Divine Deliverance (2 Kings 19:1-37)
          4. (4) Hezekiah's Healing (2 Kings 20:1-11)
          5. (5) The Bablylonian Envoys (2 Kings 20:12-19)
      4. 4. Closure of the Reign (2 Kings 20:20-21)
    2. B. Manasseh (686-642 B.C.) (2 Kings 21:1-18)
    3. C. Amon (642-640 B.C.) (2 Kings 21:19-26)
    4. D. Josiah (640-609 B.C.) (2 Kings 22:1-23:30)
      1. 1. Opening of the Reign (2 Kings 22:1-2)
      2. 2. Repairing the Temple (2 Kings 22:3-20)
      3. 3. Reforms in Jerusalem, Judah and Samaria (2 Kings 23:1-20)
      4. 4. Passover (2 Kings 23:21-27)
      5. 5. Closure and Battle With Neco (2 Kings 23:28-30)
    5. E. Jehoahaz (609 B.C.) (2 Kings 23:31-35)
    6. F. Jehoiakim (609-598 B.C.) (2 Kings 23:36-24:7)
    7. G. Jehoiachin (598-597 B.C.) (2 Kings 24:8-17)
    8. H. Zedekiah (597-586 B.C.) (2 Kings 24:18-20)
    9. I. The Exile of Judah (2 Kings 24:20-25:30)
      1. 1. Jerusalem's Destruction (2 Kings 24:20-25:21)
      2. 2. The Assassination of Gedaliah (2 Kings 25:22-26)
      3. 3. Jehoiachin's Release (2 Kings 25:27-30)

References

  • *** IIIM Recommended Commentary
  • Where applicable, the original language studies are being done using BibleWorks and the extensive Bible Notes from other authors come from Logos Bible Software.
  • Richard Pratt, General Editor. Spirit of the Reformation Study Bible, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, MI, 2003.
  • Cogan, Mordechai and Tadmor, Hayim. (2001, 1988). 1 Kings, 2 Kings. Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries.
  • Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. (2005). Targum Jonathan to the Prophets . Hebrew Union College.
  • *** Davis, Dale Ralph. (2002, 2005). 1 Kings, 2 Kings. Focus on the Bible.
  • DeVries, S. J. (2003). Vol. 12: 1 Kings (2nd ed). Word Biblical Commentary. Dallas: Word, Inc.
  • Fishbane, M. A. (2002). Haftarot. The JPS Bible Commentary. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society.
  • Gingrich, R. E. (2003). The Book of 1st Kings. Memphis, TN: Riverside Printing.
  • *** House, P. R. (1995). Vol. 8: 1, 2 Kings. The New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
  • Konkel, A. H. (2006). 1 & 2 Kings. The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan.
  • Long, J. C. (2002). 1 & 2 Kings. College Press NIV Commentary. Joplin, MO: College Press Pub.
  • Lange, J. P., Schaff, P., Bhr, K. C. W. F., Harwood, E., & Sumner, B. A. (2008). A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: 1 Kings. Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.
  • Nelson, R. D. (1987). First and Second Kings. Interpretation, a Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Atlanta, GA: John Knox Press.
  • *** Provan, Iain W. (1995). 1 and 2 Kings. New International Biblical Commentary.
  • *** Wiseman, D. J. (1993). Vol. 9: 1 and 2 Kings: An Introduction and Commentary. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

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