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Third Millennium Study Bible
Notes on 1 Peter 5:13-14

She . . . in Babylon - 1 Peter 5:13

"She" is probably a reference to the Church (the bride of Christ, Eph. 5:25-27; Rev. 19:7-9; 21:2, 9; cf. John 3:29; 2 Cor. 11:2; ) and not Peter's wife (1 Cor. 9:5) in Rome (Babylon; cf. Rev. 14:8; 16:19; 17:5; 18:2, 10, 21). The Church, the saints, believers, are "chosen" (1 Peter 2:9). See below.

Peter refers to John Mark of Acts (Acts 12:12,25; 13:5,13; 15:37-39). According to Papias (c. A.D. 60-130), Mark worked closely with Peter and derived much of the information for the Gospel of Mark from the apostle.

Kiss of love - 1 Peter 5:14

Compare Romans 16:16 and 1 Thessalonians 5:26. Kistemaker remarks:

The practice of greeting one another differs from culture to culture. It varies from the bow (in the Orient), the simple handshake, and the warm embrace to the kiss. In the ancient East, the practice of kissing each other prevailed not only in society but also in the synagogue and early church. We know that the kiss of greeting was customary among the Jews (see the references in the New Testament). Simon the Pharisee failed to greet Jesus with a kiss (Luke 7:44-46); the father kissed the prodigal son and welcomed him home (Luke 15:20); and Judas kissed Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matt. 26:48-49). In the Gentile church, the Ephesian elders embraced Paul and kissed him good-by (Acts 20:37).

For these Christians, this cultural form was to be an outward sign of their love and unity.

Once again, in this book we have seen magnificent scriptural truths that are consistent with the great cry of the Reformation:

Sola Fide (by faith alone)
Sola Scriptura (by Scripture alone)
Solus Christus (through Christ alone)
Sola Gratia (by grace alone)
Soli Deo Gloria (glory to God alone)

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