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Third Millennium Study Bible
Notes on Hebrews 10:25-27
Not give up meeting together - Hebrews 10:25
Since the original audience had been severely persecuted (Heb. 10:32-34), they might have been tempted to forgo their normal gatherings. Comparing the "excuses" ('I do not feel like it,' 'I get nothing from it,' 'So and so did this this,' 'The pastor said this,' 'It's Super Bowl Sunday,' etc.) of today for people not attending Church to the "persecutions" of the early Church (of the Hebrews, imprisonment and the seizure of property, etc. and of others see Heb. 11), we stand in awe of the grace and mercy of God and his patience (so far) with his Church today (cf. Rom 2:4). Individuals today need examine their reasoning. They need to examine their motives. They need to examine their heart and convictions. We would be remiss if we did not mention that God also speaks of his own "Super Bowls" - but they have nothing to do with football (Rev. 16:1-16). "The Day approaching" refers to the day of Jesus' return to bring salvation to those who wait for him (Heb. 9:28; 12:26-27). See WCF 21.6; BC 28; WLC 171.
Deliberately keep on sinning - Hebrews 10:26
Christians are not 'sinless,' but will 'sin less' and 'less' (1 John 1:8, 10) as "the day" approaches. Believers that sin (which is all of us) fear not, because grace and forgiveness are available (Heb. 4:16; 1 John 1:9; 2:1-2). This is the normal Christian life. However, this is not a call to be Legalists or Antinomians. See "Legalism and Antinomianism: Why do I have to obey God's law?" below.
In Hebrews 10:26, the writer warned the entire Church not to turn away from the Gospel (cf. Heb. 6:4-8). He had in mind the most severe forms of sin - acts done "deliberately," or "defiantly" (cf. Num. 15:30) - as well as unrelentingly sinful lifestyles, as opposed to temporary lapses into doubt or sin. In Hebrews 10:29 he referred to trampling the Son underfoot (i.e., treating his sacrificial blood as unclean and insulting God's gracious Spirit; cf. Heb. 6:6), indicating that the sin he had in mind was, or accompanied, rejection of the Gospel. For these there is "no sacrifice for sins is left." Since God has set aside the Levitical system of animal sacrifices (Heb. 10:9), those who abandon their confession of trust in Christ have nowhere else to turn for forgiveness.
It bears repeating of what was stated earlier concerning Hebrews 5:2. The Mosaic law (Num 15:27-31) distinguished between sin committed out of weakness and ignorance and sin committed in defiance of the Lord's authority - "high-handed sins" (Heb 10:26-27). R.C Sproul clarifies saying:
Unintentional sins and sins of omission were dealt with in the sin offering. These were sins people committed in ignorance of the Mosaic code or when they forgot those laws they had learned. Sins committed with a high hand were not covered (Num 15:22-31). A high-handed sin is one a professing believer commits boldly and defiantly, not caring about the consequences and feeling no guilt about it once committed. It is a sin people commit fearlessly as they shake their fists, literally or figuratively, at the Lord. A sin committed with a high hand is not always the same thing as an intentional sin - all high-handed sins are intentional but not all intentional sins are high-handed. The truly converted will not commit high-handed sins, though they may commit sins of intention, albeit only after and during a struggle against the flesh (Rom 7:7-25).
That an intentional sin is not always a high-handed sin is seen in God's willingness to forgive sins that were clearly intentional (2 Sam. 11-12). Only those who are unconverted may sin with a high hand, for a converted person will express sorrow and contrition after an intentional sin, thereby proving it was never high-handed in the first place. As we repent over sins both intentional and unintentional, we are assured that we belong to Jesus.
Enemies of God - Hebrews 10:27
True saints are not the enemies of God (Col. 1:21; cf. Rom. 5:10; Eph. 2:3, 12, 19). This phrase makes it plain that the writer had more than temporary discipline in mind (cf. Heb 12). He had in view God's eternal judgment. The judgment of his enemies, not the discipline of his children (Heb. 12:1-13). Compare "The Final Judgment: Will I Be Judged?" and "Hell: What Is Hell Like?" to "The Perseverance and Preservation of Believers: Can I Lose My Salvation?" below. See WLC 83; BC 37.
- The Perseverance and Preservation of Believers: Can I Lose My Salvation?
- The Plan of the Ages: Are We in the Last Days?
- Covenant of Grace or Plan of Redemption
- Final and Full Redemption
- REDEMPTION, A Study on Romans 3:24b
- FREE! The Doctrine of Redemption
- The Re-newed or New Covenant?
- What is the Trinity?
- Equality in the Godhead
- Trinity and Jesus' Omniscience
- The Trinity or the Truth?
- Does the Doctrine of the Trinity Matter?
- The Full Humanity of Jesus: What Kind of Man Was Jesus?
- Jesus Christ, God and Man: How Can a Man Be God?
- The Trinity: One God or Three?
- The Self-existence of God: Who Made God?
- The Covenants of Works and Grace: What Is Covenant Theology?
- What Is Covenant Theology?
- Covenant Theology - An Introduction
- Covenant Theology - I. History and Overview of Covenants
- Covenant Theology - II. The Covenant of Works (Creation), Blessings, Obligations, Penalties
- Covenant Theology - III. Covenant of Works and Covenant of Grace
- Covenant Theology - IV. The Covenant of Preservation, Noah and Abram
- Covenant Theology - V. The Abrahamic Covenant, Covenant Signs, Covenant Sign Implications
- Covenant Theology - VI. The Reformed Doctrine of Baptism & New Testament Practice
- Covenant Theology - VII. The Mosaic Covenant
- Covenant Theology - VIII. Dispensationalism, A Reformed Evaluation
- Covenant Theology - IX. The Davidic Covenant
- Covenant Theology - X. OT Prophecies of the New Covenant / The Holy Spirit in the OT & NT
- Covenant Theology - XI. The Covenant in the Synoptics, Acts and Pauline Writings
- Covenant Theology - XII. The Covenant in Hebrews, The Marriage Feast of the Lamb
- Legalism and Antinomianism: Why do I have to obey God's law?
- The Final Judgment: Will I Be Judged?
- Hell: What Is Hell Like?
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