What does Higgaion and Selah mean?

What does Higgaion and Selah mean?
Thanks for your question. Both of these words are used numerous times in the Old Testament. Both words occur together in Psalm 9:16.

The meaning of Higgaion and Selah are uncertain. We observe Higgaion in such passages as Psalm 9:16; 19:14; 42:3; Lamentations 3:63. According to the Arabic, the root gives a deep vibrating sound, like the murming sound of a harp (Psa. 92:3). The IBSE states that it may be derived from the Greek versions of Psalm 9:16 and takes it to mean an instrumental interlude. It may also mean a soliloquy or meditation. Mediation concerning the judgment of God (Psa. 9:16); the words and work of God (Psa. 19:14); and the loving kindness and faithfulness of God (Psa. 92:2-3).

In the Septuagint, Selah is translated as "daplasma" (meaning a division). It occurs 71 times in the Psalms and in Habakkuk 3:3, 9, 13. It is used in 39 of our 150 Psalms. Of the 39 Psalms it is used in, 31 are in Psalms handed over to "the chief Musician." So, "pause" (Hebrew, Salah) and "meditation" may be the predominate idea. In addition, it may mean to lift up (Hebrew, Salal), or in some definitions a repetition, the end of a strophe, or recurring symphony.

In a sermon named, "HIGGAION!" on Psalm 9:16, Archibald G. Brown, on August 17, 1873, at the East London Tabernacle stated in his sermon:

When the psalmist wrote this verse, and reached the words 'The wicked shall be snared in the work of his own hands', he seemed to be overpowered at the terror of the thought, and so put a full stop and wrote in the word 'Higgaion!' As much as to say, 'O my soul, meditate on the tremendous truth my hand has penned, and let all who read the same meditate.' And then after 'Higgaion' he puts 'Selah'. He would have there to be a solemn pause. Oh, I would that there could be just one moment's solemn pause in our meeting tonight. Would that there could be a Selah, a Higgaion! Friends, shall there be? I put it to you. 'The Lord is known by the judgment which he executes; and the wicked shall be snared in the work of his own hands!'

Now let us just for a moment meditate on that. Let there be a solemn Higgaion, and let every heart ask itself the question, 'How do I stand in reference to this tremendous truth?'

So take a long pause and mediate upon God and all His works, warnings, ways, wonderment, and warm-heartedness this day.

Answer by Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr.

Dr. Joseph R. Nally, Jr., D.D., M.Div. is the Theological Editor at Third Millennium Ministries (IIIM).